The federal Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA) was enacted by the United States Congress in 1975 to ensure that children with disabilities receive a free appropriate public education (FAPE). The law has been revised many times over the years. Congress passed final regulations for school-aged children in 2006 and for babies and toddlers in 2011. Since all states currently accept federal education funding, all states are governed by the IDEA.

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